The Kano Monarchy
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The Kano Monarchy
 

Kano State is situated in Northwest Nigeria. The state was founded on May 27, 1967 and it was originally a part of the Northern Region. It borders Kaduna State to the southwest, Bauchi State to the southeast, Jigawa State to the northeast and Katsina State to the northwest. Kano is also the name of the state’s capital.

The ancient settlement Dalla Hill was the origin of Kano’s Hausa Kingdom. Although there were already existing earlier chiefdoms, Bagauda was mentioned by the Kano Chronicle to be Kano’s first king. He was a grandson of Bayajidda, a mythical hero, and he ruled from 999 to 1063. On 1463, Muhammad Rumfa became king and his rule ended in 1499. During Muhammad Rumfa’s reign, the city was reformed and Islamized because he convinced the elites to become Muslims. He also extended the Emir’s Palace or Sahelian Gidan Rumfa. Hausa’s independence ended when it fell under the Fulani conquest in 1805.
 
   

Usmandan Fodio, the Fulani Islamic leader, started a jihad at the start of 19th century. This holy war involved a large portion of northern Nigeria and this permitted the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate. Kano was the kingdom’s richest and biggest province at the time. It was among the last most prominent slave societies. It had a lot of slaves even a long time after the end of the Atlantic slave trade. According to the classical scholar Hienrich Barth, at least half of Kano’s population comprised slaves who primarily lived in slave settlements.

Because of two competing rivals who desired the throne, a civil war broke out on 1893 and ended on 1895. Tukur was defeated by Yusufu, who became the emir partially due to the support of the royal slaves.

In 1903, Kano was captured by the British forces. Sokoto, the 7th emir of Kano at the time of the invasion, was arrested and exiled to Lokoja, the place of his death, in 1926. During the British occupation, Kano was the administrative center of Northern Nigeria. However, Kaduna replaced Kano as the center of government. After Nigerian independence, it regained administrative significance as Kano State. Despite the limited authority of the Emir, he is still able to give orders and provide leadership regarding the tension between Christians and Muslims within the city.

Since 1963, Alhaji Dr. Ado Abdullahi Bayero is the current Emir of Kano, Nigeria. He was the ambassador to Senegal before holding the throne. Ado Bayero is the 13th Fulani emir since the Fulani War of Usman dan Fodio when the Hausa city-states were taken over. He is known for his richness coming from the stock market investments and large-scale agricultural entrepreneurship both local and international based. He was the son of the former Emir Abdullahi Bayero dan Muhammad Abbas who ruled for 27 years. After the father died, Muhammadu Sanusi, Ado Bayero's half-brother, reigned for 1953-1963. When Sanusi was dethroned in 1963, Muhammadu Inuwa ruled the next three months. After Inuwa’s death, Ado Bayero ascended the throne in October 1963. Ado is considered as one of the longest-serving emirs in the emirate's history.

From a powerful native administration, the emirate became a custodian of Hausa language and Islamic traditions during the time of Ado Bayero. The palace hosts of official visits by various government personnel and foreigners.

Senegal before holding the throne. Ado Bayero is the 13th Fulani emir since the Fulani War of Usman dan Fodio when the Hausa city-states were taken over. He is known for his richness coming from the stock market investments and large-scale agricultural entrepreneurship both local and international based. He was the son of the former Emir Abdullahi Bayero dan Muhammad Abbas who ruled for 27 years. After the father died, Muhammadu Sanusi, Ado Bayero's half-brother, reigned for 1953-1963. When Sanusi was dethroned in 1963, Muhammadu Inuwa ruled the next three months. After Inuwa’s death, Ado Bayero ascended the throne in October 1963. Ado is considered as one of the longest-serving emirs in the emirate's history.

From a powerful native administration, the emirate became a custodian of Hausa language and Islamic traditions during the time of Ado Bayero. The palace hosts of official visits by various government personnel and foreigners.

Alhaji Ado Abdullahi Bayero is currently University of Ibadan’s chancellor and formerly University of Nigeria’s chancellor. He formerly headed the Kano police. On October 22, 1963, he became Kano Kingdom’s 56th ruler and Kano’s 13th Fulani emir.

Bayero patronized Islamic scholarship and he incorporated Western education as a way of enhancing modern Nigeria. The military regimes that ruled from 1966 to 1979 cut down the emir’s constitutional powers. During that time, the existence of Native Authority Police and Prisons Department ended. Local government reforms that have been approved in 1968, 1972 and 1976 decreased the emir’s capabilities. At the time of the 2nd Republic, Bayero saw the aggression done by the People’s Redemption Party, which ruled Abubakar Rimi’s government.
The Kano Monarchy

The Kano Monarchy